Korean Journal of Psychology : General

끉臾 寃깋

Korean Journal of Psychology : General - Vol. 37 , No. 3

[ Review Article ]
THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY : GENERAL - Vol. 37, No. 3, pp.349-383
ISSN: 1229-067X (Print)
Print publication date 25 Sep 2018
Received 03 Apr 2018 Revised 18 Jun 2018 Accepted 25 Jul 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22257/kjp.2018.09.37.3.349

심리학 연구에서 개인구성심리학 연구법의 적용 : 레퍼토리 그리드 기법을 중심으로
김소희 ; 유금란
가톨릭대학교 심리학과

An Application of Personal Construct Psychology Research Methodology in Psychology Research : Repertory Grid Technique
Sohee Kim ; Kumlan Yu
Department of Psychology, The Catholic University of Korea
Correspondence to : 유금란, 가톨릭대학교 심리학과, 경기도 부천시 원미구 지봉로 43 Tel : 02-2164-4270, E-mail : kyu@catholic.ac.kr


초록

본 연구는 구성주의심리학의 한 지류인 George Kelly(1905~1966)의 개인구성심리학을 소개하고, 개인구성심리학의 대표적 연구방법인 레퍼토리 그리드 기법(렙그리드)을 소개하는데 목적이 있다. 이를 바탕으로, 렙그리드 기법의 적용방법과 유용성, 한계점을 논의하고자 한다. 개인구성심리학에서 인간은 자신이 경험하는 세상에 대해 의미를 부여함으로써 자신만의 의미체계를 만들고, 검증하고, 고치면서 삶에 대한 의미를 구성해간다고 본다. 이에 각 개인은 자신의 세계에 대한 구성개념을 생성하고, 그것을 현실에 적용시킨다. 이 이론을 통해 한 개인의 성격과 내적 세계, 개인의 의미를 이해할 수 있다. 렙그리드 기법은 구조화된 인터뷰기법으로, 개인구성체계를 탐색하기 위해 고안된 연구방법론의 하나이며 구성개념 평가도구, 심리치료 기법으로도 사용된다. 이 기법은 구성개념의 내용에 있어서는 개별기술적인 정보를, 구조에 있어서는 양화할 수 있는 구조 측정치들을 제공해주는 질적 연구방법이다. 설계단계-실시단계-채점단계-해석단계로 실시되는데, 이해를 돕기 위해 요소, 구성개념, 평정의 의미를 설명하였으며 Leach 등(2001) 연구의 그리드 사례를 활용하였다. 그리드 자료의 채점을 위해서 OpenRepGrid프로그램을 사용하였고, OpenRepGrid에서 산출되는 측정치와 지표를 표, 그림과 함께 제시하고 설명하였다. 끝으로, 렙그리드 기법의 활용분야, 렙그리드 기법의 유용성과 한계점을 논의하였다.

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to introduce George Kelly's Personal Construct Psychology(PCP), a subset of constructivist psychology, and the Repertory Grid Technique(Repgrid). Then, we intended to discuss the applications and availability, limitations of Repgrid. In terms of PCP, humans construe the meaning of life by forming, testing, and revising their own personal construct system of their world. Each individual creates constructs of how the world is construed, and applies it to reality. This theory provides a useful picture of a person because it helps us to understand the person's personality, the inner world, and the meaning of the individual. Repgrid technique is a structured interview technique, assessment tool, psychotherapeutic technique, and research methodology that is developed to explore the personal construct system. This technique provides idiosyncratic information in the content of construct system, and quantifiable measures of construct system in the cognitive structure. Repgrid technique is performed in four steps: Design phase - Administration Phase - Mathematical Analysis - Interpretation Phase. To assist in practical understanding, we described the definitions and examples of elements, constructs and rating, and used a case studied by Leach et al (2001). For analysis of the grid data, we conducted OpenRepGrid. Then, we represented and described the measurements and indices produced in OpenRepGrid with tables and figures. Finally, we discussed the availability and limitations of Repgrid technique.


Keywords: Repertory Grid Technique, Personal Construct Psychology, Constructivist Psychology, OpenRepGrid, Qualitative Reasearch Methodology
키워드: 레퍼토리 그리드 기법, 개인구성심리학, 질적 연구방법론, 구성주의심리학, OpenRepGrid

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