Korean Journal of Psychology : General

理쒓렐샇 寃깋

Korean Journal of Psychology : General - Vol. 39 , No. 2

[ Regular issue ]
The Korean Journal of Psychology: General - Vol. 39, No. 2, pp.249-282
ISSN: 1229-067X (Print)
Print publication date 25 Jun 2020
Received 26 Feb 2020 Accepted 05 May 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22257/kjp.2020.6.39.2.249

아동, 청소년의 복합정서 인식 능력 평가를 위한 연세-캠브리지 감정읽기 배터리-아동용/청소년용의 개발 및 타당화
정경미1) ; 김희원
1)연세대학교 심리학과 교수 (kmchung@yonsei.ac.kr)

Development and Validation Study for Yonsei-Cambridge Mindreading Face Battery for Children/Adolescent (YCAM-C/A)
Kyong-Mee Chung1) ; Heewon Kim
1)Department of Psychology, Yonsei University
Correspondence to : 김희원, 연세대학교 심리학과 학생, 서울특별시 서대문구 신촌동 연세로 50 Tel: 02-2123-7536, E-mail: heewon4535@yonsei.ac.kr

Funding Information ▼

초록

본 연구에서는 아동과 청소년의 복합정서 인식 능력을 평가하기 위한 연세-캠브리지 감정읽기 배터리-아동용(Yonsei-Cambridge Mindreading Face Battery for Children: YCAM-C)과 연세-캠브리지 감정읽기 배터리 청소년용(Yonsei-Cambridge Mindreading Face Battery for Adolescent: YCAM-A)을 개발하고 타당화 작업을 진행하였다. 먼저, YCAM-C와 YCAM-A의 예비문항을 제작하기 위하여 캠브리지 감정읽기 배터리 성인판(Cambridge Mindreading Face Battery: CAM)과 아동판(Cambridge Mindreading Face Battery for Children: CAM-C)을 기준으로 정서를 선정하였으며, 각 정서의 보편성과 표현가능성에 대한 남녀 대학생 112명의 평정 결과를 바탕으로 정서목록을 선정하였다. 다음으로, 56명의 성인 남녀 모델이 정서를 표현하는 과정을 촬영하였으며 문항으로 사용할 영상 자극의 구간을 선정하여, 113개의 문항을 개발하였다. 마지막으로 YCAM-C의 경우, 아동기의 인지적 특징, 연세-캠브리지 감정읽기 배터리 성인판 연구에서 보고된 문항의 난이도를 바탕으로 66개의 예비문항을 확정하였으며, YCAM-A의 경우 연세-캠브리지 감정읽기 배터리 성인판과 동일한 113개의 예비문항을 확정하였다. 연구 1에서는 466명의 초등학생을 모집하여 YCAM-C를 실시하였으며, 아동 사회기술 평가 척도, 집행기능 곤란 질문지 혹은 따돌림 행동 척도 중 1개를 추가적으로 실시하였다. 다음으로, 연구 2에서는 356명의 중고등학생을 모집하여 YCAM-A, 한국판 사회적 기술 평정 척도-중고생용, 집행기능 곤란 질문지와 따돌림 행동 척도를 실시하였다. 연구 1 분석 결과, 총 18개의 복합정서와 각 정서별로 문항 양호도가 높은 3개의 문항을 포함한 총 54개의 문항이 최종문항으로 선정되었다. 또한, 내적 일치도 계수, 검사-재검사 신뢰도를 산출하여 YCAM-C의 신뢰도를 확인하였으며, 타 심리적 구인과 비교분석을 통해 공인타당도와 변별타당도를 입증하였다. 다음으로 연구 2에 대한 분석 결과, 최종문항으로 총 18개의 복합정서와 각 정서별로 문항 양호도가 높은 3개의 문항을 포함한 총 54개의 문항이 선정되었다. 수집된 자료를 바탕으로 내적 일치도 계수, 검사-재검사 신뢰도를 산출하여 YCAM-A의 신뢰도를 확인하였고, 사회적 기술, 집행기능, 따돌림 수준과의 비교분석을 통해 공인타당도와 변별타당도를 확인하였다. 이와 같은 결과를 바탕으로, 본 연구의 함의와 한계점에 대하여 논의하였다.

Abstract

In this study, Yonsei-Cambridge Mindreading Face Battery for Children (YCAM-C) and Yonsei-Cambridge Mindreading Face Battery for Adolescent (YCAM-A) were developed and rationalized in order to evaluate the complex emotion recognition ability of children and adolescents. For the manufacture of items, a list of emotions were selected based on the Cambridge Mindreading Face Battery (CAM) and Cambridge Mindreading Face Battery for Children (CAM-C) and evaluated by 112 undergraduate students following the criteria of universality and possibility of expression. Then, 56 models expressing the emotions were filmed and 113 items were developed through selecting 5 seconds sections. Lastly, preliminary items for YCAM-C were confirmed based on the cognitive characteristics of childhood and item-difficulty. Lastly, preliminary items for YCAM-C were confirmed based on the cognitive characteristics of childhood and item-difficulty. For YCAM-A, all 113 items were confirmed, the same as for Yonsei-Cambridge Mindreading Face Battery for Adult. In study 1, 466 elementary school students were recruited. All students conducted YCAM-C and one of additional questionnaires; Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters, Executive Function Difficulty Questionnaire, and Bullying-Behavior Scale/Peer-Victimization Scale. In study 2, preliminary items for YCAM-A were confirmed based on the same procedure used in study 1. 356 middle and high school students were recruited. All students conducted YCAM-A, Korean version of Social skill Rating System-Secondary Level, Executive Function Difficulty Questionnaire, and Bullying-Behavior Scale/Peer-Victimization Scale. As a result of study 1, 18 emotions and a total of 54 items(3 items each for an emotion) were finally included. Reliability of YCAM-C was verified by calculating internal consistency and test-retest reliability, concurrent validity and discriminant validity were also verified through comparative analysis with other psychological factors. As a result of study 2, 18 emotions and a total of 54 items(3 items each for an emotion) were finally included. Based on the collected data, the reliability of YCAM-A was verified by calculating internal consistency and test-retest reliability, concurrent validity and discriminant validity were also verified by comparison analysis with social skills, executive function and level of bullying. The implications and limitations of the study were further discussed.


Keywords: Emotion recognition ability, Complex emotion, Child Adolescent, Test development, Validation
키워드: 정서인식 능력, 복합정서, 아동 청소년, 도구 개발, 타당화

Acknowledgments

본 연구는 LG연암문화재단의 지원을 받아 수행되었음.


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