Korean Journal of Psychology : General

理쒓렐샇 寃깋

Korean Journal of Psychology : General - Vol. 38 , No. 4

[ Special issue: Psychology and Fourth Industrial Revolution 1 ]
The Korean Journal of Psychology: General - Vol. 38, No. 4, pp.549-578
ISSN: 1229-067X (Print)
Print publication date 25 Dec 2019
Received 07 Nov 2019 Accepted 26 Dec 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22257/kjp.2019.12.38.4.549

새로운 기술혁명 시대의 임상심리학 : 최근 연구 동향을 중심으로
송현주
서울여자대학교 특수치료 전문대학원 심리치료학과

Clinical Psychology in the Age of in the new technology : focusing on the recent studies trends
Song, Hyunjoo
Department of Psychotherapy, Seoul Woman’s University
Correspondence to : 송현주, 서울여자대학교 특수치료 전문대학원 심리치료학과, (01797) 서울시 노원구 화랑로 621 / Tel: 02-970-5888, E-mail: jayoo1004@swu,ac,kr


초록

소위 4차 산업혁명은 인공지능, 기계학습과, 빅데이터와 같은 기존에 존재하지 않았던 새로운 기술로 시작되는 혁명이며 임상심리학은 4번째 산업혁명이라는 인류 역사에 중요한 분기점이 되는 거대한 패러다임 변화에 직면해 있다. 본 연구에서는 먼저 4차 산업혁명과 관련된 비인간화를 중심으로 인간과 사회 변화를 간략히 언급하였다. 이어 최근 5년 연구 중심으로 임상심리학의 주요 영역인 심리평가와 심리치료에서 인공지능을 비롯한 새로운 기술들이 어떠한 영향을 미치고 있는지 탐색해 보았다. 더불어 다양한 신기술이 집약되어 있는 기능성 게임 기반 심리평가와 심리치료에 대한 최근 연구들을 탐색하였다. 마지막으로 여러 신기술들 중에서 한국임상심리학자들이 특별한 관심을 가지고 전문 영역에 적용할 필요가 있는 공유데이터와 개인정보 보호에 대한 최근 경향과 의견을 제시하였다.

Abstract

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is a revolution that begins with new technologies that never existed, such as machine learning, big data, and artificial intelligence. Consequently, clinical psychology should face a huge paradigm shift that is an important turning point in human history. First, this paper briefly introduced human and social changes focusing on dehumanization associated with the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Primarily, it reviewed based on recent 5 years studies how new technologies are influencing on psychological assessment and psychotherapy in the field of clinical psychology. In addition, recent researches on serious game-based psychological assessment and psychotherapy, which are concentrated on various new technologies, were explored. Lastly, it presented current trends and opinions related to the data sharing and the privacy protection which Korean clinical psychologists should pay attention to special interest among the new technologies.


Keywords: Clinical psychology, The 4th industrial revolution, Psychological assessment, Psychotherapy, Artificial intelligence, Serious game, Data sharing, Privacy protection
키워드: 임상심리학, 4차 산업혁명, 심리평가, 심리치료, 인공지능, 기능성 게임, 공유자료, 개인정보 보호

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