Korean Journal of Psychology : General
[ Article ]
The Korean Journal of Psychology: General - Vol. 40, No. 4, pp.415-457
ISSN: 1229-067X (Print)
Print publication date 25 Dec 2021
Received 14 Dec 2021 Accepted 14 Dec 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22257/kjp.2021.12.40.4.415

4차 산업혁명을 맞는 주체성: 과잉과 대안의 성찰

최봉영 ; 한규석
묻따풀학당
전남대학교
Selfhood Facing the 4th Industrial Revolution: Reflections on the Overly Inflated Self and the Alternatives
Bongyoung Choi ; Gyuseog Han
Muttapul School
Chonnam Nat. University

Correspondence to: 한규석, 광주광역시 남구 용대로 74번길 11-1. 107-502. E-mail: ghan@chonnam.ac.kr

초록

인간의 역사는 생활의 주체로서 자신을 구속하는 환경에 대한 통제력을 확대시켜 온 과정이라 볼 수 있다. 이 확대에 결정적인 역할을 한 것은 언어와 자의식의 출현이다. 자의식에 의해 성립한 주체성(selfhood)은 개인주의와 자유주의로 사상적 무장을 하면서 개인의 욕망을 무한대로 추구하고 충족시키는 생활방식을 추구해 왔다. 바야흐로 기술발전에 힘입어 인간을 규정해 왔던 모든 제약을 풀고 신이 되는 것이 가능한 4차산업혁명의 시대를 맞고 있다. 우리는 이런 현상이 주체성이 과잉적으로 확대되면서 가능해 졌다고 본다. 주체성의 과잉 양상은 삶을 행복의 추구 과정으로 규정하면서 행복강박증과 자기애성향의 증가라는 증상을 드러내고 있다. 이런 과정을 이해하기 위해, 주체성의 진화 과정을 짚어 보고, 주체성의 조절과 관련된 자기실현, 자기초월, 성숙에 대한 논의를 일별한 후에 과잉 주체성에 대한 해법이 될 수 있는 새로운 접근으로 주체성 확장과 해체의 논의를 살핀 후 한국인의 세계관에 바탕한 쪽자기적 주체성 개념을 제시하였다.

Abstract

Human history has been the process of expanding human control over environment. The critical factor from psychological viewpoint is the emergence of the selfhood owing to the capacity for self-consciousness and language. The Western self, armed with the political philosophies of individualism and liberalism, redefined the nature of humanity and provided incessant source of power to energize its quest of expanding control over environment in undeterred manner. The development of technology has got rid of most restraints which defined the humanity and posed a pivotal moment to proceed beyond the humanity. Facing the 4th industrial revolution, humanity experiences the age of selfhood being overly inflated. Two symptoms are noted as exposing such symptoms: the obsession with happiness and the increase of narcissism across nations. To understand this inflated self and the proposals to deflate it, we review briefly two approaches-- self actualization and self transcendence-- and relate them to mature personality. We review some alternative conceptions arising to quiet the self such as self-expansion, selflessness, and the interactive self. We propose a new perspective of the interactive selfhood(Chok self), couched in the Korean worldview, is a promising alternative to cure the overly inflated self.

Keywords:

4th Industrial revolution, inflated self, self-actualization, self-transcendence, maturity, happiness-obsession, narcissism, self-expansion. selflessness, Korean Worldview, interactive self, Chok self

키워드:

4차산업혁명, 주체성 과잉, 개인주의, 자유주의, 자기실현, 자기초월, 성숙, 행복강박증, 자기애성향, 주체성 확장, 주체성 해체. 한국인, 세계관, 만자기, 쪽자기

Acknowledgments

초안을 읽고 도움말 주신 김택신, 이종한, 국민호, 조성남, 이원강, 김서홍, 김선미, 이재우 님들, 세밀한 심사평을 주신 세 분의 심사위원과 참고문헌 정리를 도와 준 구소정씨에게 고마움을 전합니다.

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