Korean Journal of Psychology : General
[ Regular issue ]
The Korean Journal of Psychology: General - Vol. 39, No. 3, pp.385-420
ISSN: 1229-067X (Print)
Print publication date 25 Sep 2020
Received 15 Aug 2020 Accepted 19 Aug 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22257/kjp.2020.9.39.3.385

성소수자 혐오폭력 경험에 관한 포커스 그룹 질적 분석: 악셀 호네트의 인정투쟁 이론을 바탕으로

최현정
A qualitative analysis of focus group interviews with sexual minorities who experienced hate-based violence: Based on Axel Honneth’s Struggle for Recognition
Hyunjung Choi
Chungbuk National University, Department of Psychology

Correspondence to: 충북대학교 심리학과, 조교수, 충북 청주시 서원구 충대로 1, E-mail: hchoi@g.cbnu.ac.kr

초록

본 연구는 다양한 성별 정체성 및 성적 지향의 성소수자 17명이 참여한 포커스 그룹 인터뷰를 사회철학자 악셀 호네트의 인정투쟁 이론을 기반으로 질적 분석하였다. 이를 통해 성소수자 혐오폭력의 양상, 이것이 성소수자에게 가하는 억압의 양상, 그리고 혐오폭력 문제 해결의 대안을 탐구하고자 하였다. 분석 결과 59개 하위주제, 15개 상위주제, 그리고 3개의 범주를 발견하였다. 범주는 존재의 말살, 정처없는 무국적자: 존엄함으로부터의 소외, 인정투쟁: 연대 속에서 존엄성 실현 확장으로 구성하였다. 이 안에서 호네트의 이론이 다음과 같이 드러났다. 성소수자는 혐오폭력에서 존재 말살이라는 심리사회적 죽음과 존엄의 훼손을 겪지만, 가로막힘과 은폐, 소외 속에서 인정투쟁의 동기를 얻어 자신을 드러내고 다양성 구현을 위한 상호인정의 연대에 동참하며, 사회는 이러한 연대 속에서 도덕적으로 진전할 수 있다. 이를 바탕으로 혐오폭력을 재정의 하였고 나아가 성소수자를 포함한 다양성 인정으로 인간 존엄성 실현에 기여하는 상호인정의 실천과 심리학자의 역량에 대해 제안하였다.

Abstract

This study analyzed focus group interviews conducted with 17 participants with various gender identities and sexual orientations based on the Struggle for Recognition theory of the social philosopher Axel Honneth. By this the aim was to seek the aspects of hate violence against sexual minorities and the result of this oppression, and to explore alternative solutions overcoming hate. Analysis revealed 59 sub-themes, 15 themes, and three categories. Categories were, “genocide of existence”, “drifting displacement: alienation from dignity”, and “struggle for recognition: expansion of dignity realization through solidarity”. Honneth’s theory appeared in that sexual minorities experienced psycho-social death of existence and damage in dignity from hate violence, however, became motivated fueled by barriers, covering, and alienation, to reveal themselves in mutual recognition of solidarity for realizing diversity which in result may lead to the moral development of the society. By this hate-base violence was redefined, and further, praxis for mutual recognition and competency as a psychologist to recognize diversity including sexual minorities as to contribute to human dignity realization were suggested.

Keywords:

sexual minority, hate based violence, struggle for recognition, focus group, qualitative analysis

키워드:

성소수자, 혐오폭력, 인정투쟁, 포커스 그룹, 질적 분석

Acknowledgments

본 연구는 (사)비온뒤무지개재단 열린사회기금과 사회적협동조합 사람마음의 기금으로 진행하였음.

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