Korean Journal of Psychology : General
[ Regular issue ]
The Korean Journal of Psychology: General - Vol. 39, No. 3, pp.359-383
ISSN: 1229-067X (Print)
Print publication date 25 Sep 2020
Received 11 Jul 2020 Accepted 16 Jul 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22257/kjp.2020.

한국형 다차원 성격검사(Bright and Dark Personality Inventory:BDPI)의 개발과 타당화: 일반 성격과 부적응 성격의 통합

김명기1) ; 이상준2) ; 한여울3) ; 박두진2), ; 최기홍3), †† ; 서동기1), †††
1)한림대학교 심리학과, 석사과정생 kmk930830@naver.com
2)피비씨지(Psychology based Consulting Group), 선임 연구원 lsjpsyche@pbcgresearch.com
3)고려대학교 심리학과, 석박사과정생 olivebird352@korea.ac.kr†
Development and Validation of Bright and Dark Personality Inventory(BDPI): Integrating Bright and Dark Sides of Personality
Myeong Gi Kim1) ; Sang Jun Lee2) ; Yeoul Han3) ; Doo Jin Park2), ; Kee-Hong Choi3), †† ; Dong Gi Seo1), †††
1)Department of Psychology, Hallym University
2)PBCG(Psychology based Consulting Group)
3)Department of Psychology, Korea University

Correspondence to: 피비씨지(Psychology based Consulting Group), 대표, 서울 중구 장충단로 8길 12, E-mail: doopark@pbcgresearch.com Correspondence to: ††서울 성북구 안암로 145 고려대학교 심리학과, 부교수, E-mail: kchoi1@korea.ac.kr Correspondence to: †††강원도 춘천시 한림대학길1 한림대학교 심리학과 및 응용심리연구소, 조교수 Tel: 033-248-1727, E-mail: wmotive@hallym.ac.kr


본 연구는 Lee 등(2019)이 실시한 한국형 다차원 성격검사(Bright and Dark Personality Inventory: BDPI)의 타당화 연구의 후속 연구이다. 총 3단계에 걸친 조사로 전국 성인 1059명의 데이터를 수집하고 분석을 실시하였다. BDPI 중 일반 성격특성을 측정하는 다섯 개의 요인과 부적응 위험특성을 측정하는 다섯 개의 요인간의 요인 간 상관을 확인한 결과, 일반성격요인과 부적응성격요인은 서로 독립적인 차원임을 확인할 수 있었다. 일반성격요인 및 부적응성격요인의 내적 일관성과 검사-재검사 신뢰도는 양호한 수준을 나타냈다. 일반성격요인과 부적응성격요인의 5요인 측정모형에 대한 확인적 요인분석 결과, 일반성격요인과 부적응성격요인은 수용 가능한 모형 합치도 지수를 보였다. Big Five Inventory(BFI) 및 Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Short Form(PID-5-SF)과의 준거 관련 타당도를 확인한 결과, 일반성격요인은 BFI와 적절하게 수렴 및 변별되는 것으로 나타났지만, 부적응성격요인은 PID-5-SF와 수렴되었으나 변별은 잘 되지 않았다. BDPI를 독립변수로, SAPAS-SR을 종속변수로 설정한 회귀분석에서 BDPI는 양호한 예측 타당도를 보였다. 마지막으로 본 연구의 제한점과 추후 연구내용을 논의에 제시하였다.


This study is a follow-up study of the Korean version of the Bright and Dark Personality Inventory (BDPI), which was studied by Lee et al. (2019). Data collected from The total of 1,059 adults was used for this study. The correlation between general personality factors, which measures general personality traits, and maladaptative personality factors, which measures dysfunctional personality adaptation were low, indicating that general personality and maladaptative personality were independent. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability of general personality and maladaptative personality were relatively high. The confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated the 5 factor measurement model of general personaltiy factors and maladaptative personality factors, respectively and provided acceptable goodness of fit indices. General personality was properly converged and discriminated with Big Five Inventory (BFI) and Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Short Form (PID-5-SF). Maladaptative personality was overall converged with PID-5-SF, however, it was not discriminated within PID-5 SF sub-factors. The prediction validity was confirmed by regression of BDPI factors on the SAPAS-SR. Finally, limitations and implications for future research are described.


BDPI, multi-dimensional personality Inventory, general personality, maladaptative personality, scale development, validation


BDPI, 다차원 성격검사, 일반 성격, 부적응 성격, 척도 개발, 타당화


이 논문은 2018년도 정부(교육부)의 재원으로 한국연구재단의 지원을 받아 수행된 연구임(NRF- 2018S1A5A2A03030006).


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