Korean Journal of Psychology : General
[ Regular issue ]
The Korean Journal of Psychology: General - Vol. 39, No. 3, pp.335-357
ISSN: 1229-067X (Print)
Print publication date 25 Sep 2020
Received 11 Jun 2020 Accepted 24 Jun 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22257/kjp.2020.9.39.3.335

한국판 청소년용 부모 양육스트레스 검사 단축형(Korean-Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents-Short Form: K-SIPA-SF)의 타당화 연구

정경미1) ; 정승민 ; 양윤정2)
1)연세대학교 심리학과, 교수 kmchung@yonsei.ac.kr
2)연세대학교 심리학과, 학생 ericay23@gmail.com
Validation Study for the Korean-Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents-Short Form (K-SIPA-SF)
Kyong-Mee Chung1) ; Seungmin Jung ; Yoon Jung Yang2)
1)Department of Psychology, Yonsei University
2)Department of Psychology, Yonsei University

Correspondence to: 정승민, 연세대학교 심리학과, 학생, 서울특별시 서대문구 신촌동 연세로 50 Tel: 02-2123-4886, E-mail: smjung802@yonsei.ac.kr

초록

본 연구에서는 한국판 청소년용 부모 양육스트레스 검사(Korean-Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents: K-SIPA)의 표준화 연구 자료(만 11세-19세 자녀를 둔 부모 942명)를 이용하여 단축형을 개발하고 그 신뢰도와 타당도를 검증하였다. 먼저, 무선추출된 471명의 자료를 이용해 탐색적 요인분석을 실시하였고 그 결과에 근거해 단축형의 문항을 선별하였다. 나머지 자료(471부)를 사용하여 확인적 요인분석 및 신뢰도, 타당도 검증을 실시하였다. 신뢰도 검증은 내적일치도와 검사-재검사 신뢰도 분석으로 진행하였다. 타당도는 다음의 방법으로 검증하였다. 우선, 공인타당도 검증을 위해 K-SIPA, 양육효능감, SF-36, PHQ-9, GAD-7, K-CBCL 6-18과의 상관분석을 실시하였다. 수렴타당도는 K-SIPA-SF 총점 및 하위척도 점수 간 상관분석을 통해, 변별타당도는 정신과적 진단을 받은 자녀와 정상발달 자녀의 부모 간 양육스트레스 차이 검증을 통해 확인하였다. 탐색적 요인분석 결과, 3요인의 37문항이 추출되어 각 요인을 ‘자녀-사회적 적응’, ‘부모의 고통’, ‘자녀-정서적 적응’으로 명명하였으며, 확인적 요인분석을 통해 보통 수준의 적합도를 확인하였다. 신뢰도와 타당도를 보기 위한 모든 분석에서 수치가 양호한 수준으로 나타나 K-SIPA-SF가 국내 청소년 자녀를 둔 부모의 양육스트레스를 측정하는 데 신뢰롭고 타당한 도구임을 확인하였다. 마지막으로, 본 연구의 함의와 한계점을 논의하였다.

Abstract

In this study, items for Korean-Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents(K-SIPA) were reduced and psychometric properties were examined. Data used in this study were collected from the K-SIPA standardization study(942 parents with children aged from 11 to 19). Items for K-SIPA short form(K-SIPA-SF) were selected on the basis of the results from the exploratory factor analysis(EFA) conducted in randomly extracted sample(N=471). The remaining half of the data(N=471) were used to perform confirmatory factor analysis(CFA) and to test reliability and validity. To verify the reliability, internal consistency and test-retest reliability were examined, while the validity was verified with the following methods. First, the correlation with K-SIPA, Parental Confidence Questionnaire, SF-36, PHQ-9, GAD-7, K-CBCL 6-18 was examined to verify concurrent validity. Convergence validity was verified by correlation among sub-factors and total stress scores of K-SIPA-SF. The difference of parenting stress level was examined between parents of children diagnosed with mental illness and of typically developing children to verify discrimination validity. EFA revealed three distinct factors consisted of 37 items, and each factor was named ‘Social Adaptation of Adolescents,’ ‘Parental Distress,’ and ‘Emotional Adaptation of Adolescents.’ The goodness of fit indices of K-SIPA-SF was shown to be moderate, and all the reliability and validity were secured. The results confirm that K-SIPA-SF could be a reliable and valid tool to measure parenting stress for parents of adolescents in Korea. Further implications and limitations of this study were discussed.

Keywords:

Korean-Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents, Parenting stress, Short Form,. Development, Validation

키워드:

한국판 청소년용 부모 양육스트레스 검사, 양육스트레스, 단축형, 개발, 타당화

Acknowledgments

본 연구는 2017년도 정부(과학기술정보통신부)의 재원으로 한국연구재단의 지원을 받아 수행되었음 (과제번호: 2017S1A5A2A01023824). 본 연구의 대상 및 모집과정의 상당 부분은 K-SIPA 전문가 지침서(정경미, 김민희, 이서이, 이창석, 양윤정, 정승민, 2020)에도 포함되어 있음.

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