Korean Journal of Psychology : General
[ Regular issue ]
The Korean Journal of Psychology: General - Vol. 39, No. 2, pp.283-305
ISSN: 1229-067X (Print)
Print publication date 25 Jun 2020
Received 20 Apr 2020 Accepted 07 May 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22257/kjp.2020.

자기애적 취약성과 우울: 사회적 거절의 조절효과

이세라1) ; 신현균 ; 문찬기2)
1)전남대학교 심리학과 강사 shawbian1107@gmail.com
2)Leeds Beckett University 심리학과 교수 C.Moon@leedsbeckett.ac.uk
The Moderating Effect of Social Rejection on the Relationship between Narcissistic Vulnerability and Depression
Sera Lee1) ; Hyun-kyun Shin ; Chanki Moon2)
1)Department of Psychology, Chonnam National University
2)Department of Psychology, Leeds Beckett University

Correspondence to: 전남대학교 심리학과 교수, 광주광역시 북구 용봉로 77 전남대학교 사회과학대학 심리학과 E-mail: shk2004@chonnam.ac.kr


본 연구는 병리적 자기애의 특성 중 하나인 자기애적 취약성과 우울 간 관계에서 사회적 거절의 조절효과를 검증하였다. 즉 자기애적 취약성과 우울의 관계가 사회적 거절 처치에 따라 다르게 나타날 것이라고 가정하였다. 이를 위해 5차례의 사전 연구를 거쳐 ‘영상을 통한 첫인상 효과 연구’라는 실험 상황을 사회적 거절과 이에 대비되는 사회적 비거절 처치로 조작하였다. 자발적으로 실험에 참여한 대학생 152명은 사전 설문(자기애적 취약성) 작성 이후 무선적으로 사회적 거절/비거절 처치 조건에 각각 76명씩 할당되었고, 각 조건의 모든 참가자들은 영상을 촬영한 후 가상의 평가단으로부터 사회적 거절과 비거절에 해당하는 평가를 받았다. 분석 결과, 가설대로 사회적 거절 처치 조건에서만 자기애적 취약성이 우울을 유의미하게 정적으로 예측하였다. 본 연구는 기존의 사회적 거절 실험 패러다임을 보완하여 새로운 사회적 거절 실험 절차를 마련한 후, 이 실험을 통해 자기애적 취약성과 우울의 관계를 검증했다는 것에 의의가 있다. 또한 본 연구의 결과는, 자기애적 취약성이 특징적일수록 대인관계 상황에서 더 쉽게 우울감을 느끼는 원인이 타인에게 긍정적인 반응만을 요구하는 비현실적인 기대에서 비롯될 가능성을 시사한다. 마지막으로, 사회적 거절 주체들의 사회적/경제적 수준, 서열 등을 고려하여 실험에 반영한다면 자기애적 취약성을 포함한 병리적 자기애의 심리적 부적응에 대한 사회적/문화적 이해가 확대될 것으로 예상된다.


This study examined the moderating effect of social rejection on the relationship between vulnerability, which is one of the characteristics of pathological narcissism, and depression. Before the main experiment, five preliminary studies were conducted to make a new experimental paradigm, ‘first impression effect study with video’, to manipulate social rejection and non-rejection. In the main experiment, 152 participants from a university answered a questionnaire about narcissistic vulnerability and were randomly assigned to one of the experimental conditions(social rejection[N=76] and non-rejection[N=76]). The results showed that narcissistic vulnerability predicted depression significantly and positively only in the condition of social rejection. This study has significant implications for the development of an new social rejection experiment procedure by making up for the existing social rejection experiment paradigm, as well as for extending the understanding of the relationship between narcissistic vulnerability and depression considering the role of social rejection. In addition, the findings of this study suggest that people with narcissistic vulnerabilities are more likely to feel depressed in interpersonal situations due to unrealistic expectatioons that require only positive responses from others. Lastly, social and cultural understanding of the psychological maladjustment of pathological narcissism, including narcissistic vulnerability, can be expanded if social and economic status and power of social rejections are considered in this experiment.


narcissistic vulnerability, depression, social rejection, moderating effect


자기애적 취약성, 우울, 사회적 거절, 조절효과


본 논문은 이세라의 박사학위 논문의 일부를 수정/보완한 것임.


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