Korean Journal of Psychology : General
[ Special issue: Psychology and Fourth Industrial Revolution 1 ]
The Korean Journal of Psychology: General - Vol. 38, No. 4, pp.487-517
ISSN: 1229-067X (Print)
Print publication date 25 Dec 2019
Received 04 Nov 2019 Accepted 23 Dec 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22257/kjp.2019.12.38.4.487

4차 산업혁명 시대의 스마트 테크놀로지와 아동발달

김연수 ; 송하나 ; 정윤경
전주대학교 상담심리학과
성균관대학교 아동·청소년학과
가톨릭대학교 심리학과
Smart Technology and Child Development in the Fourth Industrial Revolution Era
Yeonsoo Kim ; Hana Song ; Yoon-kyung Jeong
Dept. of Counseling Psychology, Jeonju University
Dept. of Child Psychology and Education, Sungkyunkwan University
Dept. of Psychology, Catholic University of Korea

Correspondence to: 송하나, 성균관대학교 아동·청소년학과, E-mail: jni4ever@skku.edu
Correspondence to: 정윤경, 가톨릭대학교 심리학과, E-mail: benijeong@catholic.ac.kr

초록

4차 산업혁명의 대두에 따라 스마트 테크놀로지는 일상의 다양한 분야에까지 적용되고 있으며 다양한 연령대에 속한 개인들의 이용도 증가되는 추세이다. 지금까지 발달심리학 영역에서 이루어진 기존의 연구들은 스마트 테크놀로지 노출이 야기할 수 있는 부정적 측면, 즉 중독경향성, 주의 문제, 문제행동 등에 초점을 맞춘 경향이 있었다. 그러나 스마트 테크놀로지의 편의성을 살려 보다 능숙히 이용하고 적극적으로 활용하는 것은 디지털 시대에서 불가피한 측면이 있으며, 현실적으로 부정적 발달결과를 최소화하면서 긍정적 발달을 가능하게 하는 구체적인 방법을 모색하는 것이 필요한 상황이다. 이에 본 연구에서는 발달심리학적 관점에서 아동 놀이 및 교육, 발달정신병리 및 심리상담 등의 분야에 적용되고 있는 스마트 테크놀로지에 대한 선행연구들을 개관하고자 하였다. 이와 함께 긍정적인 아동기 발달을 도모하기 위해 스마트 테크놀로지를 활용할 수 있는 방안을 탐색하고 미래 연구 방향을 제언하였다.

Abstract

With the advent of the fourth industrial revolution, smart technology is applied to various areas of daily life, and the use of individuals in various age groups is also on the rise. Up until now, previous study in the field of developmental psychology tended to focus on the negative aspects that exposure to smart technologies could cause: addiction tendency, attention problems, problem behavior, etc. However, more adept and active use of the convenience of smart technologies is inevitable in the digital age, and it is necessary to find concrete ways to enable positive development while minimizing the actual negative development results. In this study, we are going to open up advance studies on smart technologies that are applied in areas such as children's play and education, developmental psychopathology and psychological counseling from a developmental psychological perspective. In addition, we would like to explore ways to utilize smart technologies to promote positive human development and suggest future research directions.

Keywords:

Smart Technology, AI, development, psychological counseling, robot

키워드:

스마트 테크놀로지, 인공지능, 발달, 심리상담, 로봇

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